Belonging to the family Hyaenidae in the Carnivoran order, hyenas are a mammal species. They are found in Asia and Africa. There are four species of hyenas: Spotted hyenas, Striped hyenas, Aardwolf hyenas and Brown hyenas. It looks like they have evolved 26 million years ago. They bear resemblance with Banded Palm Civet. A detailed study of the dental structure and middle ear of hyenas has shown that civets are in fact a species evolved from hyenas. Being Africa’s most common large carnivore, hyenas are reputed for cowardice. However, at times, these animals can be dangerous and bold, attacking both humans and other animals.
Ocelots are medium-sized cats native to the forests of South America. They have distinctive markings on their furs with stripes, spots and dark rosettes. Hence, they are also called Painted Leopard/Dwarf Leopard. They resemble Margay in size and colouration. They nearly went extinct in the 20th century. Ocelots are hunted for their furs. They are agile and strong cats expert in running, climbing and swimming. They are not afraid to swim in water like the other species of cat family.
Crocodiles and alligators are popular animals, both characterized by tough and scaly skin. Crocodiles are olive green or gray green with long, thin snouts. They are widely known as the ugliest animal of their species and they are the most dangerous too. Even huge animals, like hippopotamus, never mess with them. They vary in size considerably and the kind of species determines where they live. There are about 23 species spread across Malaysia, India, Pakistan, United States, Africa and Australia.
Tasmanian devils, found in Tasmania, Australia are the largest marsupial carnivore. They have rat-like features, brown or black crude rough fur and sharp, pointed teeth. They are found only in the coastal scrublands and forests of Tasmania. As a result of intensified hunting, their number has drastically decreased in the first half of the 20th century. They are mostly considered as pests by farmers and villagers, therefore they are often hunted by them. But since 1941, strict measures have been taken to protect them from a facial tumor disease that is incurable, infectious and fatal.
A liger is said to be a hybrid-cat and born from the mating of a male lion and a tigress. Though ligers have parents of different species, they are the world’s biggest cat. They are quite larger in size than their parents. A liger is one lucky breed that has both the strength of a lion and the amazing speed of a tiger. Also, liger is a very unique animal, as the sex of two different species of parents makes it a Liger.
A Chinchilla is a type of rodent known as crepuscular. It is a bit bigger in size than a regular squirrel. Chinchillas are said to be from the Andes Mountains, which are located in South America. They live in a colony. According to history, chinchillas were found in some parts of Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile. Presently their colonies in the jungle are found only in Chile. Chinchillas are also linked to ‘viscachas’, as they all form the family of the ‘Chinchillidae’
Wombat belongs to the group of marsupials and can be found in the coastal regions of South-Eastern Australia and the islands surrounding it. Wombats prefer to live in open grasslands and eucalyptus forests. The species of wombat is divided into two categories- hairy-nosed wombats and bare-nosed wombats. These animals are considered as pests in some parts of Australia, as they ruin their crops and fences. To protect their agricultural land, farmers often kill these animals. Habitat loss is another threat to these animals that is making them almost extinct in this region.
Sloths are mammals found in South and Central America. They hang to the tree branches with their long claws. They survive on leaves. Their long claws make it difficult for them to walk on the ground. Hence, they spend a lot of time on trees. There are two kinds of sloths: Two-toed and three-toed. They share most of the features buy vary in size.
Hamsters belong to Cricetinae subfamily and are rodents. These have become quite popular pets as these can be bred easily and easy to groom. These are employed in laboratories often. In wild, these prefer remaining underground in order to avoid being hunted by the predators. These feed on insects, fruits and seeds. These have cheek pouches in which they carry food to their burrows.
The Pekingese is the most ancient and royal breed which has its origin in China. This breed has enjoyed royalty in Chinese Imperial Court. Since years the Pekingese has been a good lap dog and companion dog.