Chameleons belong to the family of reptiles and are a part of the iguana subspecies. These lizards look colourful and are among those few animals that change the colour of their skin. However, there is a common misconception that chameleons can change the colour of their skin to match with that of their surroundings.
Known as the giant rodent and scientifically, Hydrochoerus, capybara is a partially aquatic rodent found dwelling in the swamp regions of Central and South America. The capybara is said to be in the same family of other rodents, like Chinchillas, Guinea Pigs, etc. also available in South America. It is the largest rodent species in the world. It weighs about 75 kg and it is almost 1.4 meters long. Though a capybara is huge in size, it can properly swim in water. These mammals have some distinctive features that support their amphibious nature, which includes the web-like skin. The web-like skin is between their toes that helps them swim better. It is not much surprising that capybaras are also called ‘water hogs’.
The great white shark popularly known as Carcharodon Carcharias, white death, the great white, white shark or pointer death belongs to the family of lamniform shark that is widely found along the coast in many oceans. Though these are one of the most dangerous animals found in the water but its attack on humans is extremely rare even when humans swim in close distance to them.
Raccoons are known to be very curious and highly intelligent creatures. They often cause nuisance to humans. Raccoons are nocturnal animals that often make a mess while tipping over trashcans, destroying gardens and they also cause structural damage when searching out for food.
Belonging to the family Hyaenidae in the Carnivoran order, hyenas are a mammal species. They are found in Asia and Africa. There are four species of hyenas: Spotted hyenas, Striped hyenas, Aardwolf hyenas and Brown hyenas. It looks like they have evolved 26 million years ago. They bear resemblance with Banded Palm Civet. A detailed study of the dental structure and middle ear of hyenas has shown that civets are in fact a species evolved from hyenas. Being Africa’s most common large carnivore, hyenas are reputed for cowardice. However, at times, these animals can be dangerous and bold, attacking both humans and other animals.
Ocelots are medium-sized cats native to the forests of South America. They have distinctive markings on their furs with stripes, spots and dark rosettes. Hence, they are also called Painted Leopard/Dwarf Leopard. They resemble Margay in size and colouration. They nearly went extinct in the 20th century. Ocelots are hunted for their furs. They are agile and strong cats expert in running, climbing and swimming. They are not afraid to swim in water like the other species of cat family.
Crocodiles and alligators are popular animals, both characterized by tough and scaly skin. Crocodiles are olive green or gray green with long, thin snouts. They are widely known as the ugliest animal of their species and they are the most dangerous too. Even huge animals, like hippopotamus, never mess with them. They vary in size considerably and the kind of species determines where they live. There are about 23 species spread across Malaysia, India, Pakistan, United States, Africa and Australia.
Tasmanian devils, found in Tasmania, Australia are the largest marsupial carnivore. They have rat-like features, brown or black crude rough fur and sharp, pointed teeth. They are found only in the coastal scrublands and forests of Tasmania. As a result of intensified hunting, their number has drastically decreased in the first half of the 20th century. They are mostly considered as pests by farmers and villagers, therefore they are often hunted by them. But since 1941, strict measures have been taken to protect them from a facial tumor disease that is incurable, infectious and fatal.
A liger is said to be a hybrid-cat and born from the mating of a male lion and a tigress. Though ligers have parents of different species, they are the world’s biggest cat. They are quite larger in size than their parents. A liger is one lucky breed that has both the strength of a lion and the amazing speed of a tiger. Also, liger is a very unique animal, as the sex of two different species of parents makes it a Liger.
A Chinchilla is a type of rodent known as crepuscular. It is a bit bigger in size than a regular squirrel. Chinchillas are said to be from the Andes Mountains, which are located in South America. They live in a colony. According to history, chinchillas were found in some parts of Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile. Presently their colonies in the jungle are found only in Chile. Chinchillas are also linked to ‘viscachas’, as they all form the family of the ‘Chinchillidae’